Version 117 (modified by 11 years ago) ( diff ) | ,
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Planetary Nebula Library: Hydro Runs
Update 10/17: |
The layout has been adjusted. Check the outline box at the right to find the models you are looking for.
Go here to find a list of changes that were made today.
Reason for Library
Here we explore a variety of possible parameters and environments that can shape planetary nebulae, presented in various forms. This library will record a number of combinations of different density backgrounds and types of flows and also any parameter changes within those different combinations. The environments and flow structures are listed below. (Go to the Clump + Jet page for models that include both a clump and jet.)
Environments:
- Constant Ambient: The surrounding density is initially constant.
- Stratified Ambient: The surrounding density falls off as 1/r^{2}.
- Toroidal Ambient: The surrounding density decays from the equator to the pole as defined in Frank & Mellema, 1994 Apj by the following variables:
- describes the contrast in density of the torus from the pole to the equator.
- describes how elliptical or spherical the torus is. Small values coincide with a more elliptical torus while values closer to 1 indicate a more spherical torus.
Flow Structures:
- Clump: A spherical cloud of gas.
- Jet: A constant stream of gas.
- Diverging Wind: A constant stream of gas that sweeps an arc in the surrounding medium.
(See Ruka's PN Page for MHD models.)
Standard Parameters
Jet & Diverging Wind Radius | 500 AU |
Jet & Diverging Wind Density | 40,000 cm^{-3} |
Clump Radius | 1,500 AU |
Clump Density | 4x10^{6} cm^{-3} |
Temperature | 10 K |
Ambient Temperature | 1 K |
Torus Alpha ( | ).7 |
Torus Beta ( | ).8 |
Constant Ambient
All constant ambient density models have the following additional parameters:
Additional Parameters | |
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Clump Velocity | 200 km/s |
Clump
Ambient Density = 1 cm^{-3} | Ambient Density = 10 cm^{-3} | Ambient Density = 100 cm^{-3} | Density Comparison |
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Stratified + Toroidal Ambient
All stratifed + toroidal ambient density models have the following additional parameters:
Additional Parameters | |
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Ambient Density | 400 cm^{-3} |
Clump
Clump Velocity = 100 km/s | Clump Velocity = 200 km/s | Clump Velocity = 300 km/s | Velocity Comparison |
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movie | movie | movie | |
movie | movie | movie |
Jet
Jet Velocity = 100 km/s | Jet Velocity = 200 km/s | Jet Velocity = 300 km/s | Velocity Comparison |
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Changes to Standard Parameters | |
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Jet Temperature | 10,000 K |
Jet Velocity = 100 km/s | Jet Velocity = 200 km/s | Jet Velocity = 300 km/s | Velocity Comparison |
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Diverging Wind
Wind Velocity = 100 km/s | Wind Velocity = 200 km/s | Wind Velocity = 300 km/s | Velocity Comparison |
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