Version 4 (modified by 11 years ago) ( diff ) | ,
---|

# Jeans Analysis

A uniform cloud of gas will collapse under gravity if its gravitational timescale (the freefall time,

) is shorter than its thermal timescale (sound crossing time, ). That is, if is less than , where R is the radius of the cloud and Cs is its sound speed, a cloud is unstable to collapse. Setting these equal and solving for r gives an estimate of the Jeans length,By substituting for rho, we can turn this into the more physically intuitive condition:

Thus, for a given cloud of radius r, sound speed Cs, and mass M, we can compute a Jeans length, which is either less than r or greater than r. For a

< r, the cloud is gravitationally unstable. For the opposite, the cloud is gravitationally stable.Given the formulation of

we can easily see how the Jeans length depends on the various quantities of interest for the BE problem. For instance, consider we hold M and T fixed and vary r. We see that decreasing r leads to a decrease in , which corresponds to making the sphere LESS stable. If we instead hold T and r fixed, but vary M, we see that an increase in M has the same effect. Thus we can think of the collapse in the various cases as occuring from either situation, either the r of the BE sphere shrinks or the M of the sphere increases, both of which can trigger collapse. We seem to be seeing different effects happening in the different simulations.Now, given it is likely a combination of these effects that are happening, and one in turn leads to the other, e.g. given the gravitational force is given by:

# The problem

# Case 1 - Increase in Mass

# Case 2 - Decrease in Radius

**Note:**See TracWiki for help on using the wiki.